Book Chapters

R. Sharma and P.A. Crozier,  “Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy in Nanotechnology”, in Handbook of Microscopy for Nanotechnology (Editors: N. Yao and Z.L. Wang), Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York, 2005, p.531-563.

P.A. Crozier and C.W. Hagen, “High Resolution Electron Beam Induced Deposition and Processing”, in Nanofabrication: Fundamentals and Applications (Editors: A.A. Tseng  and Dr. Walter J. Trybula), World Scientific, 2008, p.377-399.

P.A. Crozier, “Nanocharacterization of Heterogeneous Catalysts by Ex Situ and In Situ STEM”, in Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy: Imaging and Analysis (Editors: S. Pennycook and P. Nellist.), Springer, New York, 2011, 537-582.

P.A. Crozier and B. K. Miller, (2015), “Spectroscopy of Solids, Gases and Liquids in the ETEM” in Controlled Atmosphere Transmission Electron Microscopy (Eds. T. W. Hansen and J. B. Wagner), New York, Springer.

Candace K. Chan, Tuysuz Harun, Artur Braun, Chinmoy Ranjan, Fabio La Mantia, Benjamin K. Miller,  Liuxian Zhang, P.A. Crozier, Joel A. Haber, John M. Gregoire, Hyun S. Park, Adam S. Batchellor, Lena Trotochaud, and Shannon W. Boettcher, (2015). “Advanced and In Situ Analytical Methods for Solar Fuel Materials”, in Topics in Current Chemistry: Solar Energy for Fuels. Switzerland, Springer International Publishing

Recent Publications

W. J., Bowman, Amith Darbal, and P.A. Crozier* (2017). “Linking macroscopic and nanoscopic ionic conductivity: A new paradigm for characterizing conductivity in polycrystalline ceramics ” Nature Nanomaterials (under review).

Q. Liu, S C. Quillin, D. J. Masiello, P. A. Crozier, (2018) “Probing Resonant Photonic Modes in Oxide Nanoparticles with Focused Electron Beams”, ACS Nano (under review).

D.M. Haiber and P.A. Crozier (2018) “Nanoscale Probing of Local Hydrogen Heterogeneity in Disordered Carbon Nitrides with Vibrational Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy”, ACS Nano, 12(6): 5463-5472. DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.8b00884.

K. Venkatraman, P. Rez, K. March, P.A. Crozier* (2018). “The influence of surfaces and interfaces on high spatial resolution vibrational EELS from SiO2” Microscopy, 67(1): 14 -23. DOI 10.1093/jmicro/dfy003.

E. L. Lawrence and P.A. Crozier* (2018). “Oxygen Transfer at Metal-Reducible Oxide Interfaces: Contrasting Carbon Growth from Ethane and Ethylene on Supported Ni Nanoparticles”. ACS Applied Nano Materials, 2018. 1(3): p. 1360-1369.

W. J., Bowman, M. Kelly, G. Rohrer, C. A. Hernandez, P.A. Crozier* (2017). “Enhanced ionic conductivity in electroceramics by nanoscale enrichment of grain boundaries with high solute concentration” Nanoscale, 167: 5-10. DOI 10.1039/C7NR06941C.

P.A. Crozier, (2017) “Vibrational and valence aloof beam EELS: A potential tool for nondestructive characterization of nanoparticle surfaces”, Ultramicroscopy 180 104-114.

Q. Cheng, M.K. Benipal, Q. Liu, X. Wang, P.A. Crozier, C. Chan, and R. Nemanich, (2017). “Al2O3 and SiO2 Atomic-Layer Deposition Layers on ZnO Photoanodes and Degradation Mechanisms”, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 9(19) 16138-16147.

Q. Liu, K. March, and P.A. Crozier* (2017). “Nanoscale Probing of Bandgap States on Oxide Particles Using Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy”, Ultramicroscopy 178 2-11.

M.L. Taheri, E. A. Stach, I. Arslan, P.A. Crozier, B. C. Kabius, T. LaGrange, A. M. Minor, S. Takeda, M. Tanase, J. B Wagner, Renu Sharma* (2016). “Current status and future directions for in situ transmission electron microscopy”, Ultramicroscopy 170 86-95

M. Kaur, Q. Liu, P.A. Crozier, R.J. Nemanich (2016). “Photochemical reaction patterns on heterostructures of ZnO on periodically poled lithium niobate”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8 (39), 26365-26373.

J. Sheth, D. Chen, J.J. Kim, W.J. Bowman, P.A Crozier, H.L. Tuller, S.T. Misture, S. Zdzieszynski, B.W. Sheldon, S.R. Bishop (2016). “Coupling of strain, stress, and oxygen non-stoichiometry in thin film Pr0.1Ce0.9O2−δ”, Nanoscale 8 16499 – 16510

P.A. Crozier*, T. Aoki and Q. Liu (2016). “Detection of water and its derivatives on individual nanoparticles using vibrational electron energy-loss spectroscopy” Ultramicroscopy, 169: 30-36.

W.J. Bowman, K. March, C. A. Hernandez, P.A. Crozier* (2016). “Measuring bandgap states in individual non-stoichiometric oxide nanoparticles using monochromated STEM EELS: The Praseodymium–ceria case” Ultramicroscopy, 167: 5-10.

F. Tao and P. A. Crozier* (2016). “Atomic-Scale Observations of Catalyst Structures under Reaction Conditions and during Catalysis.” Chemical Reviews, 116(6):  3487-3539.

B. K. Miller, T. Barker and P. A. Crozier* (2015).” Novel Sample Preparation for Operando TEM of Catalysts”, Ultramicroscopy 156: 18-22.

L. Zhang, Q. Liu, T. Aoki, and P.A. Crozier* (2015). “Photocorrosion of Ni/NiO Core/Shell Structures on TiO2 for Water Splitting”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 119: 7207-7214.

Q. Liu, L. Zhang, and P.A. Crozier* (2015). “Structure-reactivity relationships of Ni-NiO core-shell co-catalysts on Ta2O5 for solar hydrogen production”, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 172, 58-64.

P.A. Crozier* and T.W. Hansen (2015). “In situ and operando transmission electron microscopy of catalytic materials”, MRS Bulletin, 40, 38-45.

W.J. Bowman, J. Zhu, R. Sharma, and P.A. Crozier* (2015). “Electrical conductivity and grain boundary composition of Gd-doped and Gd/Pr co-doped ceria”, Solid State Ionics, 272: p. 9-17.

X. Q. Li, Q. Chen, I. McCue, J. Snyder, P.A. Crozier, J. Erlebacher, K. Sieradzki (2014). “Dealloying of Noble-Metal Alloy Nanoparticles”. Nano Letters 14(5), 2569-2577.

O.L. Krivanek, T.C. Lovejoy, N. Dellby, T. Aoki, R. W. Carpenter,  P. Rez, E. Soignard, J. Zhu, P.E. Batson, M.J. Lagos, R. F. Egerton, and P.A., Crozier* (2014). “Vibrational spectroscopy in the electron microscope”. Nature  514, 209-212.

B. K. Miller and P. A. Crozier*, (2014). “Analysis of Catalytic Gas Products Using Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy and Residual Gas Analysis for Operando Transmission Electron Microscopy”. Microscopy and Microanalysis 20, 815–824.

J. Zhu, P. A. Crozier* and J. Anderson, (2014). “Derivation of optical properties of carbonaceous aerosols by monochromated electron energy-loss spectroscopy” Microscopy and Microanalysis, 20, 748-759.

J. Zhu, P. A. Crozier* and J. Anderson, (2013). “Characterization of light-absorbing carbon particles at three altitudes in East Asian outflow by transmission electron microscopy” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 13, 6359-6371.

T. Na, J. Liu, S. Chenna, P. A. Crozier, Y. Li, A. Chen and W. Shen (2012). “Stabilized Gold Nanoparticles on Ceria Nanorods by Strong Interfacial Anchoring” Journal of American Chemical Society, 134, 20585−20588.

L. Zhang*, B. K. Miller* and P. A. Crozier* (2013). “Atomic Level Observation of Surface Amorphization in Anatase Nanocrystals During Light Irradiation in Water Vapor” Nano Letters, 13, 679-684.

B. K. Miller* and P. A. Crozier* (2013). “A System for In Situ UV-Visible Illumination of ETEM Samples” Microscopy and Microanalysis, 19, 461-469.

M. A. L. Cordeiro, P. A. Crozier, E. R. Leite (2012). “Anisotropic Nanocrystal Dissolution Observation by In situ Transmission Electron Microscopy” Nano Letters, 12, 5708-5713.

S. Chenna and P. A. Crozier*, (2012). “Operando TEM: A new technique for detection of catalysis using electron energy-loss spectroscopy in transmission electron microscope” ACS Catalysis, 2, 2395-2402.

S. Chenna and P. A. Crozier*, (2012). “In Situ Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy to Determine Transformation Pathways in Supported Ni Nanoparticles”  Micron, 43, 1188-1194.

L.G. Jacobsohn, R. Wang, P.A. Crozier, B. L. Bennett, R. E. Muenchausen, (2012). “Electron energy-loss spectroscopy investigation of dopant homogeneity in Tb-doped Y2O3 nanoparticles prepared by solution combustion synthesis.” Optical Materials 34(4): 671-674.

J.T. Zhu, J. C. Jia, F. L. Kwong, D. H. L Ng, P. A. Crozier, (2012). “Metal-free synthesis of carbon nanotubes filled with calcium silicate.” Carbon 50(7): 2666-2669.

R. Banerjee, and P. A. Crozier*, (2012). “In Situ Synthesis and Nanoscale Evolution of Model Supported Metal Catalysts: Ni on Silica.” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116, 11486-11495.

P.P. Dholabhai, S. Anwar, J. B.Adams, P. A.Crozier, R. Sharma (2012) “Predicting the optimal dopant concentration in gadolinium doped ceria: a kinetic lattice Monte Carlo approach.” Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering 20(1): 13.

Q. L. Zhang, F. Y. Meng, P.A. Crozier, N. Newman and S. Mahajan (2011), “Effects of Stress on Phase Separation in InxGa1-xN/GaN Multiple Quantum-Wells”, Acta Materialia 59(10): 3759-3769.

P.P. Dholabhai, J. B.Adams, P. A. Crozier, R. Sharma, (2011) “In search of enhanced electrolyte materials: a case study of doubly doped ceria”, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 21(47): 18991-18997.

P.P. Dholabhai, S. Anwar, J. B.Adams, P. A. Crozier, R. Sharma, (2011) “Kinetic lattice Monte Carlo model for oxygen vacancy diffusion in praseodymium doped ceria: Applications to materials design ”, Journal of Solid State Chemistry 184(4): 811-817.

E. Bailey, N. M. T. Ray,  A. L. Hector, P.A. Crozier, W. T. Petuskey, P. F. McMillan, (2011) “Mechanical Properties of Titanium Nitride Nanocomposites Produced by Chemical Precursor Synthesis Followed by High-P,T Treatment ”, Materials 4(10): 1747-1762.

L. G. Jacobsohn, S. C. Tornga, M. W. Blair, B. L. Bennett, R. E. Muenchausen, R. Wang, P. A. Crozier, D. W. Cooke, (2011) “Synthesis, structure, and scintillation of Ce-doped gadolinium oxyorthosilicate nanoparticles prepared by solution combustion synthesis ”, Journal of Applied Physics 110(8): 083515(1-7).

V. Sharma, P.A. Crozier*, R. Sharma and J.B. Adams, (2012) “Direct Observation of Hydrogen Spillover in Ni-Loaded Pr-Doped Ceria”, Catalysis Today 180(2) 2-8.

S. Chenna, R. Banerjee, P.A. Crozier*, (2011) “Atomic Scale Observation of the Ni Activation Process for Partial Oxidation of Methane Using In-Situ Environmental TEM”, ChemCatChem  3(6): 1051-1059.

S. Janbroers, P.A. Crozier, H.W. Zandbergen, and P.J. Kooyman, (2011)  “A model study on the carburization process of iron-based Fischer-Tropsch catalysts using in situ TEM-EELS”, Applied Catalysis B-Environmental 102 (3-4): p. 521-527.

P.P. Dholabhai, J. Adams, P.A. Crozier and R. Sharma, (2011) “First-principles Study of Defect Migration in RE-doped Ceria (RE = Pr, Gd)”, MRS Online Proceedings Library, 1311, mrsf10-1311-gg05-08 doi:10.1557/opl.2011158.

P.A. Crozier* and S. Chenna, (2011) “In Situ Analysis of Gas Composition by Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy for Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy”, Ultramicroscopy, 111 177-185.

R. Wang, P. A. Crozier*, R. Sharma, (2010) “Nanoscale Compositional and Structural Evolution in Ceria Zirconia during Cyclic Redox Treatments”, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 20 7497-7505.

P.P. Dholabhai, J.B. Adams, P.A. Crozier, R. Sharma, (2010) “A Density Functional Study of Defect Migration in Gadolinium Doped Ceria”, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 12 7904-7910.

P.P. Dholabhai, J.B. Adams, P. A. Crozier, R. Sharma, (2010) “Oxygen Vacancy Migration in Ceria and Pr-Doped Ceria: A DFT plus U Study”, Journal of Chemical Physics, 132 8.

V. Sharma, K.M. Eberhardt, R. Sharma, J.B. Adams, P.A. Crozier, (2010)  “A Spray Drying System for Synthesis of Rare-Earth Doped Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles”, Chemical Physics Letters, 495 280-286.

R. Wang, P. A. Crozier*, and R. Sharma, (2009). “Structural Transformation in Ceria Nanoparticles during Redox Processes.” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 113(14): 5700-5704.

Li, J. Liu, N. Nag, and P.A. Crozier*, (2009). “In situ preparation of Ni-Cu/TiO2 bimetallic catalysts.” Journal of Catalysis, 262(1): 73-82.

W.F. van Dorp, C. W. Hagen, P. A. Crozier, and P.Kruit, (2008). “Growth behavior near the ultimate resolution of nanometer-scale focused electron beam-induced deposition.” Nanotechnology, 19(22): 9.

C.W.Hagen, W. F. van Dorp, P.A. Crozier, and P. Kruit, (2008). “Electronic Pathways in Nanostructure Fabrication.” Surface Science, 602: 3212-3219.

P. A. Crozier*, R. Wang, and R. Sharma, (2008), “In situ environmental TEM studies of dynamic changes in cerium-based oxides nanoparticles during redox processes” Ultramicroscopy, 108 1432-1440.

D.T.L. Alexander, P. A. Crozier*, and J. Anderson (2008) Brown Carbon Spheres in East Asian Outflow and their Optical Properties” Science, 321 833.

R. Wang, P. A. Crozier*, R. Sharma, and J. B. Adams (2008), “Measuring the Redox Activity of Individual Catalytic Nanoparticles in Cerium-Based Oxides” Nanoletters (Impact Factor 13.5), 8(3), 962.

P. A. Crozier*, (2008) Proximity Effects in Nanoscale Patterning with High Resolution Electron Beam Deposition”, J. Vac. Sci., 26(1) 249-254.

W.F. van Dorp, C.W. Hagen, P.A. Crozier and P. Kruit, (2007) “In Situ Monitoring and Control of Material Growth for High Resolution Electron Beam Induced Deposition”,  J. Vac. Sci. & Tech. B,  25(6), 2210-2214.

P. A. Crozier*, (2007) Nanoscale Oxide Patterning with Electron-Solid-Gas Reactions”, Nano Letters, 7(8) 2395-2398.

R. Roucka, Yu-Jin An, A. V.G. Chizmeshya, J. Tolle, V. R. D’Costa, J. Menéndez, P. A. Crozier and J. Kouvetakis (2006), Epitaxial semi-metallic HfxZr1-xB2 templates for optoelectronic integration on Silicon “, Appl. Phys. Lett., 89 (24): Art. No. 242110.

R. Wang, P. A. Crozier*, R. Sharma, and J. B. Adams (2006), Nanoscale Heterogeneity in Ceria Zirconia with Low Temperature Redox Activity “, J. Chem. Phys. B, 110 (37): 18278-18285.

P. Li, J. Liu, N. Nag, and P. A. Crozier* (2006) “In Situ Synthesis and Characterization of Ru Promoted Co/Al2O3 Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts”, Appl. Catal. A, 307 (2), 212-221.

W.F. van Dorp, C.W. Hagen, P.A. Crozier, B. van Someren, and P. Kruit (2006), “One nanometer structure fabrication using electron beam induced deposition”,  Microelectronic Engineering, 83 (4-9), 1468-1470.

S. Ketharanathan, R. Sharma, P.A. Crozier and J.S. Drucker (2006) “Electron Beam Induced Deposition of Pure Nanoscale Ge”, J. Vac. Sci. & Tech. B, 24(2), 678-681.

W.F. van Dorp, B. Someren, C.W. Hagen, P. Kruit, and P.A. Crozier, (2006) “Diffraction Patterns of Artificial Two-Dimensional Crystals Synthesized In Situ in an Environmental Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope”, J. Microscopy, 221, 159-163.

W.F. van Dorp, B. Someren, C.W. Hagen, P. Kruit, and P.A. Crozier, (2006) “Statistical Variation Analysis of Sub-5 Nanometer Sized Electron Beam Induced Deposits”,  J. Vac. Sci. & Tech. B,  24(2), 618-622.

R.F. Egerton, F. Wang and P. A. Crozier (2006) “Beam Induced Damage to Thin Specimens in an Intense Electron Probe”, Microscopy and Microanalysis, 12(1), 65-71.

J.C. Thorp, K. Sieradzki, L. Tang, P. A. Crozier, A. Misra, M. Nastasi, D. Mitlin and T. Picraux, (2006) “Formation of Nanoporous Noble Metal Thin Films by Electrochemical Dealloying of PtxSi(1-x)” Applied Physics Letters, 88 (3): Art. No. 033110.

P. Li, J. Liu, N. Nag, and P. A. Crozier* (2006) “Dynamic Nucleation and Growth of Ni Nanoparticles on High Surface Area Titania”, Surf. Sci., 600, 693.